Jarron M. Saint Onge
- Associate Professor
Medical Center, Kansas City
Professor Saint Onge's (Ph.D. University of Colorado at Boulder) research applies advanced quantitative techniques to social epidemiologic phenomena. His research falls in the area of medical sociology and social demography. His principle research focus is on the social determinants of population health and health disparities by race/ethnic and socioeconomic status. He has a continued interest in the role of biomarkers, health lifestyles, health behaviors, neighborhood context, and social stressors in explaining mental and physical health and mortality outcomes.
Jarron M. Saint Onge has a joint-appointment with the Health Policy and Management department in the School of Medicine at the University of Kansas Medical Center.
Social Determinants of Health
How are health disparities shaped by social inequality?
Research consistently shows that individuals in lower social positions experience lower qualities of life, higher burden of disease, and shorter life expectancies. Social position entails both material and social resources that enable or constrain individual choices to either prevent harmful risk factors or to enable health promotion. Higher social status provides access to material resources that directly impact health through safer neighborhoods, healthier foods, and better health insurance. Social position also indirectly affects health through social integration and networks, key psychosocial processes (e.g. mastery, locus of control, self-esteem), social stressors (e.g. discrimination, major life events, financial difficulties), coping resources, and behavioral factors (e.g. diet, substance use, physical activity). The overarching aim of this research is to further explain these social determinants of health over the life course, reduce health disparities, and improve population health.
Social Determinants of Health
Health and Social Behavior
Selected Publications —
Saint Onge, Jarron M., and Joanna Veazey Brooks. 2020. “The Exchange and Use of Cultural and Social Capital among Community Health Workers in the United States.” Journal Articles. Sociology of Health & Illness. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.13219.
Saint Onge, Jarron M, Natalie A. Jansen, and Erin Ice. 2018. “Locales of Trust: How Two Forms of Community Trust Are Associated with Mothers’ Self-Rated Health in Indonesia.” Journal Articles. MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH JOURNAL 22 (9): 1278–85. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-018-2507-0.
Saint Onge, Jarron M., and Patrick M. Krueger. 2017. “Health Lifestyle Behaviors in the U.S. .” Journal Articles. Social Science & Medicine: Population Health 3: 89–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.12.009.
Jansen, Natalie Anne, and Jarron M. Saint Onge. 2015. “An Internet Forum Analysis of Stigma Power Perceptions among Women Seeking Fertility Treatment in the United States .” Journal Articles. Social Science & Medicine 147 (November): 184–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.11.002.
Saint Onge, Jarron M, Tami Gurley-Calvez, Teresa A Orth, and Felix A Okah. 2014. “The Association between Social Stressors Home Smoking Rules among Women with Infants.” Journal Articles. American Journal of Public Health 104 (12): e116–23. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302158.
Saint Onge, Jarron M., Patrick M. Krueger, and Richard G Rogers. 2014. “The Relationship between Depression and Non-Suicide Mortality: The Importance of Health Statuses and Health Behaviors.” Journal Articles. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B Social Sciences 69 (4): 622–32. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbu009.
Saint Onge, Jarron M., and Patrick M. Krueger. 2011. “Education and Racial-Ethnic Differences in Types of Exercise in the United States.” Journal Articles. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 52 (2): 197–211. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022146510394862.