Professor Saint Onge's (Ph.D. University of Colorado at Boulder) research applies advanced quantitative techniques to social epidemiologic phenomena. His research falls in the area of medical sociology and social demography. His principle research focus is on the social determinants of population health and health disparities by race/ethnic and socioeconomic status. He has a continued interest in the role of biomarkers, health lifestyles, health behaviors, neighborhood context, and social stressors in explaining mental and physical health and mortality outcomes.
Jarron M. Saint Onge has a joint-appointment with the Health Policy and Management department in the School of Medicine at the University of Kansas Medical Center.
- Social Determinants of Health
- Social Problems
- Health and Social Behavior
- Health Care
- Population Health
- Social Determinants of Health
- Social Epidemiology
- Health Disparities
- Health Behaviors
- Neighborhood Effects
- Mental Health
Saint Onge, J. M., & Krueger, P. M. (2017). Health Lifestyle Behaviors in the U.S. Social Science & Medicine: Population Health, 3, 89-98. DOI:10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.12.009
Bratter, J. Campbell, M. & Saint Onge, J. (2017). Living race together: the role of partner’s race in racial/ethnic differences in smoking. Ethnicity and Health, 1-19.
Jansen, N. A., & Saint Onge, J. M. (2015). An internet forum analysis of stigma power perceptions among women seeking fertility treatment in the United States . Social Science & Medicine , 147, 184 - 189. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.11.002 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953615302100
Saint Onge, J. M., Gurley-Calvez, T. Orth, T. A., & Okah, F. A. (2014). The Association between Social Stressors Home Smoking Rules among Women with Infants. American Journal of Public Health, 104(12), e116-e123. DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302158
Saint Onge, J. M., Krueger, P. M., & Rogers, R. G. (2014). The Relationship between Depression and Non-Suicide Mortality: The Importance of Health Statuses and Health Behaviors. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B Social Sciences, 69(4), 622-632. DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbu009
Saint Onge, J. M., & Krueger, P. M. (2011). Education and Racial-Ethnic Differences in Types of Exercise in the United States. Journal of Health and Social Behavior , 52(2), 197-211. DOI:10.1177/0022146510394862
HOW ARE HEALTH DISPARITIES SHAPED BY SOCIAL INEQUALITY?
Research consistently shows that individuals in lower social positions experience lower qualities of life, higher burden of disease, and shorter life expectancies. Social position entails both material and social resources that enable or constrain individual choices to either prevent harmful risk factors or to enable health promotion. Higher social status provides access to material resources that directly impact health through safer neighborhoods, healthier foods, and better health insurance. Social position also indirectly affects health through social integration and networks, key psychosocial processes (e.g. mastery, locus of control, self-esteem), social stressors (e.g. discrimination, major life events, financial difficulties), coping resources, and behavioral factors (e.g. diet, substance use, physical activity). The overarching aim of this research is to further explain these social determinants of health over the life course, reduce health disparities, and improve population health.